Bronze Age tomb containing human remains and a mysterious stone found in Ireland

The newly discovered tomb, seen here from the south-west, was unearthed when workmen using a mechanical digger overturned a large slab above it. (Image credit: National Monuments Service, Ireland)

An ancient tomb thought to date back more than 3,000 years has been discovered in southwest Ireland by workmen carrying out land improvements on a farm. Archaeologists say the tomb on the Dingle Peninsula of County Kerry is untouched and that some of its unusual features, including a mysterious oval-shaped stone inside, indicating that it could be an early example of an ancient burial.  

According to a spokesperson for Ireland's National Monuments Service,  Ronan Casey, the tomb appears to be a cist or chamber tomb, consisting of an underground stone-lined structure built to contain one or several burials and capped with a large stone. Such burials would typically date to the Bronze Age, commencing around 2500 B.C. The discovery was reported to the National Monuments Service and National Museum of Ireland very promptly, for which we are very grateful. Archaeologists estimate the tomb dates to between about 2,500 and 4,500 years ago, during the Bronze Age in Ireland. But further investigations will be needed before they can narrow down its age. While we suspect that the cist burial may date to the Bronze Age, we do not yet have conclusive evidence of its date. At this stage, so early into the discovery and site works, we don't have the full picture yet.

Ireland's national broadcaster RTE reported that the tomb was discovered last week when a mechanical digger overturned the large stone slab above it, revealing the chamber beneath. A closer inspection revealed an adjoining sub-chamber at what appears to be the front of the tomb.

They sent a sample of the remains to a laboratory for radiocarbon analysis, which could potentially give a more accurate range of dates for the burial, Casey said, although that process will take several weeks. One of the most unusual finds in the ancient tomb is a polished stone with a roughly oval shape. Its purpose is unknown, but it was interred beside the human remains; the archaeologists removed it for safekeeping.

The tomb appears appears to be a "cist" or chamber tomb from the Bronze Age, possibly about 3,000 years old; human bones found inside have been sampled for radiocarbon dating. (Image credit: National Monuments Service, Ireland)

Experts from the National Monuments Service and Ireland's National Museum have inspected the site and recovered ancient skeletal remains from the tomb. The exact location of the find is not being publicized to protect the tomb from the possibility of disturbance or looting.

The region has numerous megalithic tombs known to date from the Bronze Age. 

Casey said, such graves from this period are not uncommon, and there are numerous sites and monuments from this period on the Dingle Peninsula.

But this new discovery stands out. Only the central part of it has been unearthed so far, so the exact layout of the structure remains uncertain. But what's been seen so far seems different from other ancient tombs in the same area. 

oLcal archaeologist Mícheál Ó Coileáin said, given its location, orientation, and the existence of the large slab your initial thought is this is a Bronze Age tomb. But the design of this particular tomb is not like any of the other Bronze Age burial sites we have here. One feature that could help determine its age is how it is oriented. In the southwest of Ireland, we have a significant number of wedge tombs, in Cork and Kerry in particular. The majority are generally orientated to the west and south-west. It is not clear why, but it may represent celestial or lunar alignments but as much of this particular tomb remains hidden underground it is difficult to fully assess the layout. 

Ireland has thousands of ancient monuments and tombs. The most famous is the passage tomb at Newgrange, beside the River Boyne about 25 miles (40 kilometers) north of Dublin, which is aligned so that the rising midwinter sun shines down its internal passage and illuminates a chamber deep within.

Recent research found that one of the Bronze Age people buried inside the Newgrange tomb was the son of parents who were probably brother and sister a practice not uncommon in ancient royalty.

Newgrange is just one of many tombs in the area known as the Brúna Bóinne Neolithic cemetery, which is listed as a World Heritage site by UNESCO, and the entire country is dotted with ancient megalithic structures. 

Some of them date from more than 5,000 years ago, making them older than both Stonehenge in England and the oldest pyramids in Egypt.

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